The conversation (debate? argument? ongoing joust?) that seems to ebb and flow nationwide about fracking is a pretty darn confusing one. To those outside the industries – both the oil and gas industry and the environmental/public health fields, there are a lot of pretty big questions that nobody seems to have a straight answer for.
Complicating matter further in this mess is that companies looking to extract natural gas frequently have both state and federal regulations to comply with. Often times, regulations or debates make headlines in national news, but the change taking place is actually just the regulations for one state – and those regulations can vary widely. Some states have extremely stringent requirements, while others have no disclosure laws whatsoever (in some cases because they don’t want to hamper business, in others because fracking isn’t really an issue.) Makes it confusing, huh?
Fortunately, the Climate Desk over at Slate put together a great article that summarizes the three most pressing concerns in map format. Color-coding a map of the U.S., they paint (1) whether or not a state has disclosure laws for fracking, (2) whether or not a state requires companies to notify residents about their intent to frack, and (3) whether or not a company is required to disclose what they do with the waste water from a frack job (in case you’re wondering, all that water that they mix with chemicals doesn’t stay downhole – it’s pumped back up and then has to be disposed of….somewhere).
Check it out and see where your state falls – and how things are playing out across the country.